planted everywhere from winter to spring. Previously pansy was
called SANSHIKI SUMIRE (three-colored violet) in Japanese and
it seems that this naming is a translation of Viola tricolor, one of
the wild species of pansy that is indigenous to United Kingdom.
Nowadays, the Japanese call them "pansy" although their
pronunciation in Japanese is PANJII. Especially, small flower
types are called BIORA and this is a Japanese pronunciation of "
viola". It is said that the pansy was brought to Japan in the late
19th century (the end of the Edo Period). In those days, they
were appreciated as one of new flowers from western countries.
In the past 50 years, pansy has become very popular and the
Japanese came to plant them as a main material in their gardens.
In 1966, Sakata Seed Company bred the "Majestic Giant" pansy
series, the world's first F1 hybrid pansy. Since then, they have
bred a huge number of pansy varieties and have provided seed all
over the world. The pansy is originally a spring flower and are
aroused to bloom by the longer days after the cold period.
However, Sakata bred LR (= Long Run) pansy series that bloom
from late autumn. This series is preferred by the Japanese these
days. Recently Sakata won prizes in the All-America Selections
and the Fleuroselect with their new cultivar "Molpho".
continued breeding his own viola collection for more than 20
years. He named his viola collection "Viola World" and now, there
are many fans of his violas in Japan. He has used many cultivars
for breeding his own violas and selected good flowers with various
colors. He does not make a pure strain and so it means that each
of his violas has a different color shade. One of the
characteristics of his collection is that all the flowers have a
good fragrance. Flower size is 5-6cm.